No bird has any more fame than it, although it is impossible to see it. It is the legendary phoenix embraced by humanity and its immortality, and has given it a warm place in its soul throughout the ages.W
This timeless myth has become, over time, the human tongue, its inspiration that urges him to rise and propels him forward, to the impossible.
Thus, the phoenix, which emerges from the ashes of the fire, is a picture from which humanity draws lessons of challenge, renewal and impulse, and a symbol of its own, and a mascot that is repugnant and gives it infinite legendary power. How did the phoenix enter our lives and weave this rare affection with us?
The stories about the birth of this myth are recounted, some refer to the Phoenicians, others to other peoples such as the Greeks, the Pharaonic or the Chinese.
The origin of the pharaonic legend indicates that the holy phoenix appeared in the “city of the sun” in ancient Egypt near Cairo, a symbol of the sun that dawns in the evening and resurfaces in the morning, and the eternal spirit in its eternal journey after death.
Researchers are likely to be inspired by the myth of the behavior of real birds such as those that allow ants to raise their feathers to rid them of parasites or others that lose their feathers and then grow feathers again.
It can be said that the Greek poet Hesiod first mentioned phoenix as a bird known for longevity, but Herodotus singled out an integrated description of it, later became a major part of the details of this myth, where he said that the Egyptians saw in the Phoenician bird sacred, recognizing that he did not see him with his own eyes , But he saw him in a mural in the Temple of the sun, adding that the phoenix resembles the eagle with red and golden feathers, and that he flies to Egypt from the Arabian Peninsula once every 500 years, carrying among his claws a body stuffed for his predecessor to be buried in the Temple of the sun.
The first description of the immortality of the phoenix is found in the first century AD by the famous Roman historian Pliny the Great in saying that the phoenix lives in the Arabian Peninsula 540 years and then dies in its nest and smells fragrant, and from the bone marrow comes out a small worm shows a phoenix new.
Thus the phoenix completed his biography and appeared in human history as a long-lived bird, showing to people only a short time before his death, and then reborn, and remained forever in the sun.
This myth was manifested in almost the same period in the transformations of Ovid (Babylonian Uphidus Nassau), which completed the Roman version of this myth, making phoenix an eternal bird consisting of 500 successive cycles. At the end of each one, phoenix builds a nest of palm trees from bitter plants, cinnamon and spices The nest is ignited by the sun and the phoenix burns in the fire, and from its ashes, another small creature survives 500 years later, and when it gets stronger it carries the ashes of its ancestors to the Temple of the Sun City.
In the following centuries, the phoenix was mentioned in many different cultures and civilizations. It became a symbol of the immortality of the soul and of the eternity of love and of tomorrow a royal symbol of Renaissance in the hands of the artists of that era. Dante was cited in the Divine Comedy, From theatrical work, this bird has acquired a new life and true immortality.
In this way, the phoenix remained a companion to man for long ages. It is not only in history, but in the conscience that is associated with a secret rope that is unbroken by this magic bird, which draws death and emerges alive from ashes
The presence of the bird is also mentioned in the Old Testament, in addition to reference to it in several legends. Ayub used the bird to describe his special situation. He said, “I will die in my bed, and as the flight of the phoenix, I will increase days” (Job 29: 18).
In the Phoenicians, the early Christians, most of whom were Greek, soon saw the image of the resurrection. For this reason, it is often depicted near Christian tombs. It is also a favorite symbol of the First Church.
On the phoenix and its symbolic value, St. Ecclementus the Roman, the fourth pope who died in the late first century, wrote:
Consider this wonderful sign (the sign of the resurrection) which is obtained in the eastern lands, there is a bird called phoenix. Is a unique living 500 years. When the time for his creation approaches, and he must die, he builds himself a flock of frankincense, marmalade and other sin. When his hour comes, he enters and dies in it (then he will rise again) … Do we consider it great and wonderful that the maker of everything do all those who serve him with goodness and goodness? Intention, even showing us through the bird of greatness its ability to fulfill its promise?
There is also an ancient Jewish tradition that Eve gave all animals forbidden fruit, but the phoenix is the only one who rejected it. Because of the phoenix sincerity, God gave him an exceptional life span.
While most Christians saw the bird as a symbol of resurrection, some distinguished the way it was renewed by virginity and found it a fitting symbol of Jesus ‘miraculous rope in Jesus’ bosom.
Phoenix is found in the history of Christian art as a whole, especially in the medieval era. It remains a wonderful icon still mesmerizing the modern world.