Dr. Iman Abu Saif, Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology at the Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, said that the problem that leads to many deaths following road accidents is the lack of the idea of quick intervention to save the injured.
She added: “In medicine there is the so-called golden hour, and start this hour from the first moment in the incident until the beginning of treatment, where the patient begins treatment trip at the scene of the accident and not after his arrival at the hospital.”
“During this hour we have to identify the complications that the individual is affected by the accident. The treatment during the first minutes of the incident implies a correct and effective treatment and reduces the size of the complications, and we hope to apply these methods in Egypt to reduce the number of deaths caused by accidents.”
“Here, the role of the anesthesiologist is to provide the primary means to help save the life of the injured person and he takes the following steps.
1 – maintain the airway of the patient
2 – Provide means to help the patient to breathe in a natural or industrial
3. Maintain the blood circulation of the patient to keep the pulse and pressure
She added: “We hope that the ambulance in Egypt equipped with this medical staff competent and qualified to deal with such cases to get the patient to the scene as soon as possible, and begin to provide first aid until he reaches the hospital to get the final treatment.
Many of us are in a state of complete disarray and a state of inability to provide care or primary care when a person is exposed to a traffic accident, and the seventh day presents his readers with the way to deal with the injured in an accident and his care.
If you are the first to arrive at the scene, stop your car 50 meters before or after the accident.
A quick examination of the accident site to confirm the following: the
number of participants in the accident, the number of injured and the degree of injury.
Check whether a person is stuck in the vehicle or child under the seats, call emergency number 123 or 122 and specify the type of assistance needed at the scene until police and ambulance vehicles arrive. Use others to help you control the situation. Ask for a doctor or nurse.
Securing and organizing traffic, placing warning triangles, directing specialists to reach the scene, removing the crowd from the crowd near the scene, and not allowing vehicles to be parked near the site of the accident.
Ask if he has knowledge of the aid and ask him for help .
Start by helping the most affected people, keep calm and cooperate with others, do not give food or drink to the casualty, do not move the injured except in the necessary cases.
Open the air passages of the casualty by tilting the head back and lifting the lower jaw.
Check your mouth to make sure there is no obstruction that may cause breathing to stop.
The airway must be opened to the lungs, to ensure that the air reaches the body during normal or artificial respiration.
In cases of bleeding,
make the patient lying on the floor and calm him down. Try to know where the bleeding is.
Make sure there are no foreign objects inside the wound, press directly on the wound, “preferably use bandage or gauze”, lift the member up above the heart level, use bandages and ligaments to stop bleeding.
Do not allow the casualty to walk or stand on his feet.
Do not leave the injured alone.
Do not assume that visible injuries are the only ones.
Do not trust in the judgment of the injured confused thoughts.
Do not ask the patient to make decisions.