In contrast to the traditional patterns of education, environmental education is a lifelong learning process that is directed towards creating responsible individuals to explore and identify existing environmental issues and problems and to take effective action to improve the environment and to prevent problems New environment. As a result, individuals can develop a deeper awareness and wider understanding of environmental issues, and can acquire effective skills that help them make informed, responsible and unbiased decisions that resolve environmental challenges.
Environmental education is not an environmental consulting process, but a diverse field based on the learning process that must remain neutral by teaching individuals critical thinking, empowering them, enhancing their decision-making skills and problem solving ability through a participatory approach. Environmental education guidelines include awareness Knowledge, behaviors, skills and sharing.
Environmental education can take formal form in schools, colleges and universities. It can also be applied through non-formal learning channels through NGOs, companies, the media, natural museums, botanical gardens, birdwatching centers, rowing and diving centers. In addition, environmental education can be implemented through non-formal education programs that integrate education with work, such as experimental education, outdoor education, workshops, outreach programs and community education.
The environmental educator should provide environmental education in a unique way where it is necessary not only to rely on science but also to take care of the historical, political and cultural aspects in line with the human dimension and social and economic factors, and also to develop knowledge about social ecosystems. The work of qualified environmental educators is based on fieldwork and practical application of programs. Their work includes collaboration with local communities and the use of strategies to link environmental awareness, skills building and responsible performance. Through environmental education, citizens can test various aspects of environmental issues to make informed, effective, accountable, unbiased, Where environmental education provides opportunities for children to build their skills, including problem solving, research and investigation skills.
Environmental education in Islam
Islam calls for knowledge as a duty for every Muslim. Islam also regulates the relationship between humans and nature as it calls for its protection through a comprehensive educational process. Islamic teachings reinforce sensitivity and a sense of responsibility for preserving the various environmental elements. Animals and other living organisms. In addition, Islamic legislation encourages the cultivation and use of land and the conservation of the environment while prohibiting water pollution and logging. The teachings of Islam are also strict to prevent environmental degradation caused by industrial development, urbanization and poverty. All of these are examples of Islam’s instructions to preserve the components of nature, which are pioneering teachings at a time when the environment was not experiencing the pressures it is currently experiencing.
Environmental Education Patterns in Jordan
Despite Jordan’s interest in environmental education, national environmental education efforts are still largely focused on programs organized by non-governmental organizations. Programs implemented by civil society organizations play a key role in promoting cultural change to protect nature. For example, The Royal Society for the Protection of the Marine Environment from the leading national non-governmental organizations in environmental education is the organization representing Jordan in the Global Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE), Where the Association is currently implementing three programs which include: international environmental addressing – green key, blue flag and environmental schools. The Royal Society for the Protection of Nature is another non-governmental organization that designs and implements environmental education programs to improve public understanding and promote real awareness of environmental issues and their importance. The Society has launched a number of specialized awareness programs targeting communities living around nature reserves, Participate and engage in conservation efforts in the surrounding areas .
Ecologically educated citizens can play an effective role in reducing the impact of environmental problems by adopting green behaviors, such as purchasing green products and using natural alternatives to pesticides. However, in the long run, it will be difficult to maintain the success of environmental programs adopted by non-governmental organizations to benefit future generations without legislation guaranteeing the continuity of environmental education.
Future prospects for environmental literacy in Jordan
The Jordanian education system is a centralized system. Teachers are not consulted about the curriculum, and the Jordanian curriculum is unidisciplinary, making it difficult to apply interdisciplinary learning. Although environmental issues have recently been integrated into the curriculum, this integration is still fragmented. Jordan has a long way to go before it can implement a comprehensive national strategy for environmental education in its educational system.
Jordan needs to adopt a comprehensive environmental education program that embraces the principles of sustainable development and provides green ideas that address environmental issues as a central goal of providing solutions to various environmental problems. Therefore, it is imperative for the Ministry of Education to integrate the traditional knowledge left by our ancestors with the environmental leadership because of the link between the two. It is also important to empower young people and influence the behavior of the Jordanian public towards the desired goal of participating in improving the difficult reality of the country’s environmental problems. . Scientists and researchers can not be excluded from this educational science. The scientific community should participate in national efforts and adopt an effective communication process that will transfer their scientific research to an easy and understandable language for the public and organizations responsible for education so that society can benefit from it and apply it.
In addition to this, Jordan should adopt a comprehensive approach to the adoption of environmental schools without emissions throughout the country. The school teaching policy should be based on the development of environmental ethics in the school community as a whole and its integration with students’ National identity and national heritage, as well as these schools should be environmental schools self-sufficient in terms of absolute dependence on renewable energy, while it is necessary to rely on the thermal groundwater energy for the purposes of air conditioning and heating, and the design of the building must be green in terms of building adoption by N and the use of local natural materials and, moreover, the rain water collected from water harvesting will be used to irrigate the school garden, cleaning and other uses, except for the application of this integrated program to reduce waste