The importance of health education

health education Some think that health education is an easy process that simply aims to spread health information through publications and the media. However, health education is more difficult. It aims at changing and influencing people’s health behaviors. It is not necessary. That the dissemination of information only affects the behavior of the individual, and the best example is that doctors know the right to know about the damage of smoking, yet the proportion of smokers from doctors is about 40% -60%; then health education is a set of experiences that facilitate the process Adopting behaviors that promote the health of individuals and groups. [1] There are many definitions of health, including that health is an information process aimed at adopting a healthy and healthy lifestyle , and it helps people improve their behavior by influencing their beliefs and attitudes, not only at the level of the individual but also at the community level, Health Education Raising health awareness by providing individuals with information and experiences In order to influence their attitudes, knowledge, health behavior and community, health education is a set of activities aimed at raising health knowledge and instilling healthy behaviors in individuals and communities. [2] Health education is an ongoing process and is cumulative. As previously mentioned, it is not as easy as some think. Health education can be likened to the equilateral triangle. The three sides of this triangle are: knowledge that aims to acquire information, the intent to instill the values ​​associated with acquired information , The final leg is the behavior which aims to apply the information gained, and facilitates health education process of changing behaviors, and raises the value of a sense of responsibility towards the health of individuals, so it is one of the most important health care elements, [2] has been upgrading the concepts of education the Neighborhood in recent years, bringing note exists of science knowledge; where he uses behavioral and educational theories, and uses different methods of communication and means of education, in addition to the principles of the media. [1] The importance of health education The importance of health education is as follows: [2] Improve health at the individual and community level. Building healthy health trends. Helping individuals solve their health problems using available resources. Instilling and consolidating the values ​​of healthy behavior, as well as changing the wrong behaviors. Helping individuals identify health problems and identify their needs. Dissemination of healthy health concepts among members of society.

Improving the quality of life that an individual lives in society. To reduce the level of disability wherever possible. Reduce disease incidence. Elements of health education Health education has key elements, namely: [3] Health message: The health information provided should be understood and correct, and the level of the person receiving it should be taken into consideration, so that the health message achieves the desired goal. A healthy intellectual must be a believer in the message he wishes to communicate, and he must have sufficient knowledge of it, in addition to having the communication skills necessary to deliver the information. Information for the recipient. Recipient: The level of awareness and culture of the receiving person must be determined, and if he or she has a desire to change his or her behavior, focusing on his or her health needs. Means of education: The means of communication used in the dissemination of health information must be varied. In order to be effective, the communication must be addressed more than one sense of the individual. Educational means: Audiovisual: such as seminars, lectures and conferences. Read: such as flyers, brochures and posters. Audio formats: such as TVs, CDs and video. Concepts in health education Important terminology related to health education: [2] Health is not a health expression of the body free of diseases, but is an expression of physical, mental, psychological, social and spiritual integration. Health culture: It is intended to provide facts and information related to health and disease for all people. Health awareness: People’s interest and knowledge of health facts, as well as the goal of health education is to increase the sense of responsibility of individuals towards their health and the health of those around them. Healthy habit: the behavior of the individual who performs without thinking or feeling; Health practice: It is known as healthy behavior, which is intentionally performed by the person and its behavior stems from its adherence to certain customs and values. Levels of health education Health education has several levels: [3] Health education for individuals: in which people are educated about nutrition , pathogens and methods of prevention, in addition to maintaining personal hygiene. Family health education: It is the education that instills healthy health concepts in individuals since childhood. Group health education: education that concerns groups with similar gender, age or occupation, or groups of people with health problems such as school children and smokers ; the group is fully educated. Community health education: It is done through the different media, whether visible or audible; in order to convey the health information to the largest possible number of individuals, regardless of their different levels. Change health behavior The change in the health behavior of the individual and his followers of a new behavior must go through several stages, and the individual to be aware of these stages during the journey of change of behavior, and the stages of change are: [3] Awareness stage: It is the stage in which the knowledge of health is known. Stage of attention:

in which the individual searches for details of the health information he wants and be eager to read or hear. Evaluation stage: It determines the pros and cons of the proposed behavior and determines the extent of its benefit to the individual, followed by the decision to follow or reject the new behavior. The stage of the attempt: the stage of implementation; where the individual decides to follow the behavior in a practical way, in which the individual needs moral support around him to overcome the difficulties of application. Follow-up stage: in which the individual decides to follow the new behavior permanently. Health responsibility Health and health authorities have health responsibility; however, this responsibility is not only for those, but also for the health of the individual. Health is an individual responsibility before it is a collective responsibility, which means that the individual is primarily responsible for his health, The responsibility of the family, followed by the educational institution, whether school or university, and then transferred to the club and then to the private sector or government agency that provides health services.

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